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General

Foams Insulation

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Liquid and sheet foams emit a range of hazardous gases and vapors, leading to allergies, asthma, cancer. Therefore, this type of insulation may not be used indoors, and I would not recommend even outside since any masonry – brick, cement, concrete, not to mention the tree is permeable to gas molecules, in addition, we rarely organize a separate ventilation system in the house more often – ventilated. Styrofoam less dangerous than the foams, but also not recommended for internal insulation. Product of cotton insulation is a suspension of microscopic glass shards – or mineral fiber that can penetrate mucous membranes and lungs. Another danger – the fibers are fastened together formaldehyde resins, which is the source of allergies. Because after the weatherization work on the need to seal the layer of insulation and completely clean the air in the room. Eco-friendly foam insulation does not have harmful fumes and limitations of the above materials.

In addition, a significant difference is their water vapor permeability (this can not provide even cotton insulation – because we have to use vapor barrier). Another problem with heaters – aging. Leafy heaters lose their performance characteristics for 3-7 years. Quilted insulation have a nasty trend and pressed zamokat (through aging gidrobarer included). In 5-7 years there is an urgent need to replace them. Foam insulation – the longest period of operation, some foam heaters have a lifetime manufacturer’s warranty. What insulation would you recommend for insulation in the private use of a private home is unacceptable neekologichnyh uteliteley, because it is a grievous resource – the health of residents, especially children. Because – for insulation of private homes – eco-friendly foam insulation or, in extreme cases, cotton, and wool must be chosen from water-based adhesive, with mandatory sealing and fine-cleaning the air.

General

Decorative Plaster And Paint

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Interior design has long been a part of the art, a certain measure of taste, wealth and freedom. This is especially true of the walls of our house, because the wall is a prop, a kind of boundary with the outside world, the guardian of our personal space. Obviously, when modern technology, there are many options that can be limited only by imagination or financial position. If you wish to apply the plaster can transform simple Khrushchev in a unique, unique place of residence, your miniature castle, where everything depends on how good is used to plaster walls, how professionally done its application. Decorative plaster work is jewelry that you will be able to perform first-class masters, but there is no limit to perfection, and so anyone who knows how to work with your hands, will be able to learn not just to decorate and create.

Want to guests endlessly surprised unusual textures, colors game created by our craftsmen. Nothing is impossible. The modern decoration of the walls is very diverse – if you want to apply the plaster can make the room a real work isskusstva – it all depends on how good shtukarturka used for the walls, how masterfully done its application. Whatever the quality was not decorative plaster, its quality can negate shtukaturschikov unprofessional. It is therefore important to finish decorative plaster was carried out at the highest level, because we can safe to say that the decorative plaster work almost jewelry. Decorative plaster is a special kind of decoration, a feature of her is that she would imitate the texture and color of natural materials. So it got its second name "textured plaster." However, such "second" names of her many, including the "Danish decorative plaster." Textured plaster walls can be very diverse, ranging from polished marble imitation, imitation silk finishing or velvet. However, application of the plaster so good that in this case we can not deny myself the pleasure experiment – you want to create the effect of frost or the northern lights? Today, there is nothing else, just get the plaster to form and give your walls in the hands of professionals.

General

Interior Doors

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By type of system and its functioning, the doors are divided into the usual swing and folding or sliding doors. Sliding doors are called door-coupe. They are used mainly in cases where necessary save space. Sliding partitions – the best option in this case. In addition, sliding interior doors are able to perfectly fit into any decor and give it special emphasis. Agree, they benefit differ from their counterparts not only to swing through the ability to increase the usable area of apartments or office. Sliding doors are more and more modern look, you can use them to create unique designs solutions.

For example, to decorate the room with sliding walls in the style of a Japanese house, or emphasize a minimalist interior. Italian masters have provided many options of doors to suit every taste. How do arranged sliding doors? By and large, this cloth or sash, which, while moving left or right on one line, open and close the door. However, their mechanism of action is different. In one case, they are clear inside the wall. But there is a simple method – when the door leaf opening door slides on the surface of the wall along it. This occurs when the slip increases by a special rail which is mounted on the floor. Sometimes instead of using the upper floor of rolling bearings.

In this case, the rails are fixed to the ceiling or the top of the door frame. Go to any sliding doors complete required not only the door leaf and a mechanism for slip, but the frame, different accessories, decorative plate, closing mechanism for razdvizheniya and simulated timber or package trims. The door leaf can be made from different materials. For example, from Solid wood, fiberboard or particleboard with veneer glued to their precious, glass. The glass is usually applied to some pattern, these doors look very unusual and stylish, and are relatively inexpensive.

General

Heat In The House

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Country house – the dream of every citizen, and Equipped country mansion and the more. Most of us are accustomed to living in a mode of urban comfort. But is it possible to consider the situation rest, if the apartment is cold, the time from time to time through and no hot water. It certainly does not rest, and survival, extreme sports, the battle with nature and yourself and the complete lack of comfort. Care should be taken on the heating system, which is provided with natural and forced circulation. One-pipe heating system is a country house (natural circulation). Oriented to small areas. The water is heated, rises up through the pipeline, and cools, it becomes heavy and moves down.

The advantages of single-pipe heating system: complete independence from the electricity. Disadvantages: you should install larger pipe sizes, the sizes of series-connected heaters also should be increased, but also takes much longer to warm up the room. Heating house with forced circulation. Such a system allows the warm home of various sizes. Water in motion for by the circulation pumps, which can be installed in the heating system a few. To heat a nice country house, of course, better to install the heating system.

Erecting a heating system in cottage in the country, you decide at once all the difficulties. Putting reliable boiler (no matter what it is: gas, gas-diesel, diesel, solid fuel), you will immediately solve the problem of finding in their home. Boiler obogreet home and prepare the water. Autonomous heating system is the newest home has several advantages. First of all, you do not depend on the central heating system and can activate the boiler as soon as you feel cold, for example, in September, and stop it when it's already warm enough, for example, in April (as opposed to the central heating system, which is always run from October to May, despite the temperature). Second, heating system in a suburban housing may design a way to set different temperatures in different rooms, to provide weather-automatics, to provide a minimum temperature (eg 10 degrees C) at the time of your nonresidency in a house in the cold season. Third, with the boiler heating system can heat up a lot of water. Summarizing, we can say that the possibilities of the modern individual system heating are limitless, and the owner of a cottage in the country decides what he takes to his family members to feel comfortable in it.

General

Enamel

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Paint 'Hammerayt' base on modified alkyd resins with little addition of styrene, which provides better adhesion of iron surfaces. Contains scary fast evaporating solvents, which promote rapid drying of the paint. Its membership includes nanoparticles order tempered glass, creating a very mechanical procedure insurmountable barrier moisture. Hammer paint 'Hammerayt' comes in different colors packaging from zero twenty-five to the twenty-l l 3 textures: a hammer, very glossy and matte. By its very protective properties of these paints do not differ among themselves.

Hammer Enamel contains duralumin flakes, order creating a 'patterned' sketch, and special silicones that stabilize this actually draft and provides unparalleled water-repellent effect. Quite apart from traditional paint, there are also special paints 'Hammerayt'. A series of very fast drying inks designed high-temperature paint for heat-loaded surfaces. These paints vyderzhrom). Novelties in the middle of the paint for slate on the basis of synthetic resins. Paint podrazivayut temperature of 450'S (dark matte) to 600'S (silver duralumin with sufficient effect by applying only enough humevaet actually one of the first layer on the roof of the dark or non-ferrous metals, also on the pre-practice painted surface. Does not ask for the application of soil has the highest hiding power, needs little preparation of iron surface.

Two. Field implementation of paint 'Hammerayt' Paint 'Hammerayt' is used wherever is the greatest danger of corrosion than steel, designed for use underwater. The uniqueness of paint is that it can be applied specifically to a rusty surface. What does the industry on as necessary to protect the surface from rust corrosion of the forthcoming 'a profound transformation of rust by means of special formulations, applying a primer for the creation of the adhesive, applying the final layer for the creation of color stability, gloss and very ornamental species. Paint 'Hammerayt' is almost an entire system of 'one jar', acting as a rust converter, and a final layer of pound at once, at all actually This color can be produced in one day! Paint 'Hammerayt' use and for the restoration of some previously painted surfaces of iron, it is compatible with virtually all in reality paints materials (alkyd enamel, acrylic, urethane, silicone, etc..), except for bituminous materials basis.

General

Laying On The Tray Networks

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This type of installation provides good cooling conditions of the wires (cables), and the possibility of replacing them free access to them during the operation. Trays wirings produce sections of 2 m in length: the weld – a width of 200 and 400 mm, perforated – 50 and 100 mm. Trays mounted on at least 2 m above the ground or grounds maintenance; in areas served by specially trained personnel, the height of the trays and baskets not specified. Metal trays NL (Fig. 1) mounted on modular cable designs, the elements of building and technological structures, brackets and hangers. Step of fixing the cables – 250 mm. All connections for the installation and repair perform threaded clamping pieces of the process map. For reliable electrical contact at the joints straight painted tray flanges must be galvanized.

Electrical contact support elements with straight-colored bins provided by lock washers or cleaning up the site of contact. Operations wiring is in the trays in a specific technology sequence. First, a cord mark out the route in compliance with the mounting of the support and the support structures and points of attachment to the building elements of the building. The distance between fixing points Trays shall be equal to 2-2.5. Then, install or support structures are hung on brackets or consoles, perforated strips and profiles, fixing them or spacer plugs were shot. Supporting structures welded to the embedded parts of metal structures and buildings, or suspended in the spans of shops for carrying cables and cable hangers guys.

When crossing the tray with the distance from the pipeline before the pipeline supporting structure must be at least 50, with a parallel pursuit – not less than 100 mm for pipes with hot liquids or gases, respectively, at least 100 and 250 mm. After these operations of individual sections of the trays are collected in blocks 6-12 m, connecting them with strips of bolts. When laying boxes for cable suspension provide a bias towards the descent to the power consumers. Next, prepare a dimensional piece of wire in the ground and their connections at the ends removed isolation prozvanivatsya, twisted veins that produce the correct connections in the right places or squeezing a box set, harvested in bunches, bandazhiruyut, label tags. The number of wires in the bundle must not exceed 12 outer diameter of the beam – 0.1 m. The distance between the bandages on the horizontal beams of 4.5, the vertical – no more than 1 m.

General

Choosing Soft Furniture

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Upholstered furniture – a special category, it performs several functions in our interior. It you and a pleasant stay, and reception, she also decorates, and forms a space, and has practical application. In general, soft furniture and irreplaceable importance. So what should you choose it is not spontaneous, but carefully. At some moments I look for? Style Here the main criteria of choice – your choice and compatibility with the overall style of the room.

Upholstered furniture classic form suitable for conservative personalities, and it always will be relevant. The modern style is changeable and offers a wider choice. If the taste asymmetry, a combination of wood and metal interior is juicy – you follower of Art Nouveau. Style "high-tech" demonstrates the functionality, using the most modern materials. Eclecticism – a "cocktail" of different styles. Those color or other colors can give the feel or comfort discomfort, and their impact on our health is proven. When choosing colors for items of upholstered furniture (whether sofas, chairs or anything else) certainly guided by personal feelings and do not forget about the fact that: Brown gamma, Ochre creates comfort and gives peace.

Shades of blue and blue to help focus. Red and all its tones and semitones symbolize active and dynamic. All shades of green to help relax. The black color and serious business, but its dominance in the interior creates an atmosphere of mourning. White lightness and freshness, but it is also necessary to avoid excess, at least for reasons of "practicality." Upholstery Upholstery vary enormously. It is necessary to give priority to the quality (strength, durability, practicality). The naturalness of the material – not always a sign of long life. Modern synthetics it is more practical, but also, and beautiful. For example, the Jacquard – bright and durable material with a pattern, a low price. Or flock – a dense fabric that is easy to clean, almost immune to wear and which does not stick dust (an ottoman upholstered in flock, very practical). Also popular velvet and Chenille. Filling the "filling" of upholstered furniture – a very important indicator of quality, and also one of the prime factors of comfort. The most common foam and padding polyester. However, better quality can truly be considered natural feathers, feather, batting and felt. The mechanism is no less important component of quality for certain types of upholstered furniture (sofas, chairs, beds) – it mechanism of transformation. At first, decide – what will be the main purpose for this furniture, and how often you use it to sleep. Then, choosing one or another model, note how easy sofa disassembled Do not jammed mechanism. You can sit on it – you should be comfortable and convenient for him. In general, the basic mechanisms of transformation of 4 – this book, evroknizhka, roll-out and exit mechanisms. Suppose that you choose upholstered furniture complement your interior will be high quality and beautiful!

General

Workshop Layout Architecture And Interior Design

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Fundamentals of modeling and how to work with the customer. Manufacturing maketovstroeny or even entire regions – rather subtle craft that is not without pitfalls that plague any profession. Where start and what should be done that would have to learn from the mistakes of others and guided by the voice of reason, rather than stepping on rakes, which are experienced professionals mock-up of the case have long learned to cross. Let's start with the basic concepts which will help to understand this is voprose.Chto layout? Reduced copy of the layout of the structure, which is produced by using different materials, from paper to a completely high-tech production, the use of steel and glass. So what should the production of models and whether you want to do? Imagine a situation where a person comes to you and asked to draft a home, you are welcome for the order and after some time you are ready, that would give the project into the hands of the customer, but there is one small but very slippery moment.

You then imagine it would look like a house, and the customer – no. He can only dream, as he did not feel proportions. It is in this case, the case and accepted experts in the production models. Given all the wishes of the client, a specialist model workshop can prepare the necessary project taking into account all the preferences. Complex projects include the development of even the interiors of the room, which is an aerobatics in this case.

General

Construction Materials

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Decoration area consists of an impressive composition of flower beds, pools, lighting, architectural ornaments. Properly chosen components form a single style, in which all "participants" look harmoniously. Designing the site begin with drainage. Even if the landscape design of a particular site does not imply artificial ponds, streams and fountains, drainage is still needed because the rainwater regularly goes to the flower beds. Drainage represents an engineered drainage system as laid in the ground pipes, canals and wells. Drainage channels are placed along the edges of garden paths and around residential buildings. In small stations are allowed instead of culverts used bricks and trays with holes. Very often in landscaping laid artificial reservoirs.

The very nature of man laid to admire and pacify the type and splash of water. Reservoir depends on the size of the site, for example, can be constructed with a cascade waterfall, a small stream, pond or fountain supply. If the plant pond plants – and get the original and elegant solution decoration. During construction and laying of artificial reservoirs are of great importance Construction Materials: coatings, mechanisms. Now on sale a lot of different materials to create reservoirs: fiberglass, PVC film, concrete, rammed clay, polyethylene, ready-made forms, Butyl rubber. Material depends on the quality of the reservoir and its longevity "seamless." The most prominent participants in design the landscape are all sorts of flower beds.

Flower beds can be placed in vertical and horizontal planes, creating an interesting composition. From the flower beds, you can create a variety of flowerbeds, alpine gardens, ridges, group planting. This should take into account the height of the plants, the biological compatibility of different plants and flowering periods. Composition of plants of different flowering period can be created, but not from the combined "hostile" plants – not to be. However, to a flower bed looked bright spots – requires a uniform background. Background often appears lawn, sometimes the embankment and primer. The lawn does not necessarily have to be one color, and used colored lawns of wild flowers. The attractiveness of an area depends on correctly matched lighting. Landscape lighting is planned at the beginning of a creative project, when the zones are marked on the map activity, benches, bridges, paths and steps. Lighting plots can be of different types: general, concealer, flood, specifically: light flower gardens, ponds, architectural ornaments and lawns. Best Landscape design seems natural, it gives the impression of naturalness, and this may include a lot of artificial ingredients, made by man: the hedges, arbours, benches and much more.

General

Design – Winter Garden

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Winter Garden, properly located and equipped – this is a very difficult task for any fitodizaynera. Features co-location of plants, a special microclimate, certain conditions to live and bloom plants, not to mention the aesthetic component – a winter garden must combine it all on the same area. Winter Garden is a neighboring plants of different heights, different species, gathered in a single composition, decorating the room. Winter Garden also includes decorative elements – water space – a stream or river, waterfall or fountain. Lighting, and even special sound effects – a winter garden may include that, too. And in the Indeed, imagine that by logging into your conservatory, you hear birds singing. This sound effect is achieved by placing in the winter garden of special devices with sound, which imitates birdsong. Although the winter garden can be equipped and cells for real, live birds.

In short, everything – on your choice! Winter Garden – is not just gardening and ornamental plants. This chic phytodesign true planned and picked up a separate premises or part of premises where competently placed potted plants and everything that touches them. Winter Garden, you can enjoy perfectly "natural" feelings. Winter Garden – a lake and fountains, waterfalls and streams, and decorative objects – for example, the wall, simulating a rock. Winter Garden often has additional equipment: fitolampy that support the ornamental plants in the low-lit room, the backlight artificial fog – the plants feel great, and landscaping transforms your home or office. Studio phyto "GrinInterior" will plan for you a beautiful winter garden, which is in the office, apartment, house will remind nature every day! Winter Garden – a piece of summer in an apartment, office, country house at any time of year.