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General

Foams Insulation

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Liquid and sheet foams emit a range of hazardous gases and vapors, leading to allergies, asthma, cancer. Therefore, this type of insulation may not be used indoors, and I would not recommend even outside since any masonry – brick, cement, concrete, not to mention the tree is permeable to gas molecules, in addition, we rarely organize a separate ventilation system in the house more often – ventilated. Styrofoam less dangerous than the foams, but also not recommended for internal insulation. Product of cotton insulation is a suspension of microscopic glass shards – or mineral fiber that can penetrate mucous membranes and lungs. Another danger – the fibers are fastened together formaldehyde resins, which is the source of allergies. Because after the weatherization work on the need to seal the layer of insulation and completely clean the air in the room. Eco-friendly foam insulation does not have harmful fumes and limitations of the above materials.

In addition, a significant difference is their water vapor permeability (this can not provide even cotton insulation – because we have to use vapor barrier). Another problem with heaters – aging. Leafy heaters lose their performance characteristics for 3-7 years. Quilted insulation have a nasty trend and pressed zamokat (through aging gidrobarer included). In 5-7 years there is an urgent need to replace them. Foam insulation – the longest period of operation, some foam heaters have a lifetime manufacturer’s warranty. What insulation would you recommend for insulation in the private use of a private home is unacceptable neekologichnyh uteliteley, because it is a grievous resource – the health of residents, especially children. Because – for insulation of private homes – eco-friendly foam insulation or, in extreme cases, cotton, and wool must be chosen from water-based adhesive, with mandatory sealing and fine-cleaning the air.

General

Decorative Plaster And Paint

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Interior design has long been a part of the art, a certain measure of taste, wealth and freedom. This is especially true of the walls of our house, because the wall is a prop, a kind of boundary with the outside world, the guardian of our personal space. Obviously, when modern technology, there are many options that can be limited only by imagination or financial position. If you wish to apply the plaster can transform simple Khrushchev in a unique, unique place of residence, your miniature castle, where everything depends on how good is used to plaster walls, how professionally done its application. Decorative plaster work is jewelry that you will be able to perform first-class masters, but there is no limit to perfection, and so anyone who knows how to work with your hands, will be able to learn not just to decorate and create.

Want to guests endlessly surprised unusual textures, colors game created by our craftsmen. Nothing is impossible. The modern decoration of the walls is very diverse – if you want to apply the plaster can make the room a real work isskusstva – it all depends on how good shtukarturka used for the walls, how masterfully done its application. Whatever the quality was not decorative plaster, its quality can negate shtukaturschikov unprofessional. It is therefore important to finish decorative plaster was carried out at the highest level, because we can safe to say that the decorative plaster work almost jewelry. Decorative plaster is a special kind of decoration, a feature of her is that she would imitate the texture and color of natural materials. So it got its second name "textured plaster." However, such "second" names of her many, including the "Danish decorative plaster." Textured plaster walls can be very diverse, ranging from polished marble imitation, imitation silk finishing or velvet. However, application of the plaster so good that in this case we can not deny myself the pleasure experiment – you want to create the effect of frost or the northern lights? Today, there is nothing else, just get the plaster to form and give your walls in the hands of professionals.

General

Interior Doors

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By type of system and its functioning, the doors are divided into the usual swing and folding or sliding doors. Sliding doors are called door-coupe. They are used mainly in cases where necessary save space. Sliding partitions – the best option in this case. In addition, sliding interior doors are able to perfectly fit into any decor and give it special emphasis. Agree, they benefit differ from their counterparts not only to swing through the ability to increase the usable area of apartments or office. Sliding doors are more and more modern look, you can use them to create unique designs solutions.

For example, to decorate the room with sliding walls in the style of a Japanese house, or emphasize a minimalist interior. Italian masters have provided many options of doors to suit every taste. How do arranged sliding doors? By and large, this cloth or sash, which, while moving left or right on one line, open and close the door. However, their mechanism of action is different. In one case, they are clear inside the wall. But there is a simple method – when the door leaf opening door slides on the surface of the wall along it. This occurs when the slip increases by a special rail which is mounted on the floor. Sometimes instead of using the upper floor of rolling bearings.

In this case, the rails are fixed to the ceiling or the top of the door frame. Go to any sliding doors complete required not only the door leaf and a mechanism for slip, but the frame, different accessories, decorative plate, closing mechanism for razdvizheniya and simulated timber or package trims. The door leaf can be made from different materials. For example, from Solid wood, fiberboard or particleboard with veneer glued to their precious, glass. The glass is usually applied to some pattern, these doors look very unusual and stylish, and are relatively inexpensive.

General

Heat In The House

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Country house – the dream of every citizen, and Equipped country mansion and the more. Most of us are accustomed to living in a mode of urban comfort. But is it possible to consider the situation rest, if the apartment is cold, the time from time to time through and no hot water. It certainly does not rest, and survival, extreme sports, the battle with nature and yourself and the complete lack of comfort. Care should be taken on the heating system, which is provided with natural and forced circulation. One-pipe heating system is a country house (natural circulation). Oriented to small areas. The water is heated, rises up through the pipeline, and cools, it becomes heavy and moves down.

The advantages of single-pipe heating system: complete independence from the electricity. Disadvantages: you should install larger pipe sizes, the sizes of series-connected heaters also should be increased, but also takes much longer to warm up the room. Heating house with forced circulation. Such a system allows the warm home of various sizes. Water in motion for by the circulation pumps, which can be installed in the heating system a few. To heat a nice country house, of course, better to install the heating system.

Erecting a heating system in cottage in the country, you decide at once all the difficulties. Putting reliable boiler (no matter what it is: gas, gas-diesel, diesel, solid fuel), you will immediately solve the problem of finding in their home. Boiler obogreet home and prepare the water. Autonomous heating system is the newest home has several advantages. First of all, you do not depend on the central heating system and can activate the boiler as soon as you feel cold, for example, in September, and stop it when it's already warm enough, for example, in April (as opposed to the central heating system, which is always run from October to May, despite the temperature). Second, heating system in a suburban housing may design a way to set different temperatures in different rooms, to provide weather-automatics, to provide a minimum temperature (eg 10 degrees C) at the time of your nonresidency in a house in the cold season. Third, with the boiler heating system can heat up a lot of water. Summarizing, we can say that the possibilities of the modern individual system heating are limitless, and the owner of a cottage in the country decides what he takes to his family members to feel comfortable in it.

General

Enamel

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Paint 'Hammerayt' base on modified alkyd resins with little addition of styrene, which provides better adhesion of iron surfaces. Contains scary fast evaporating solvents, which promote rapid drying of the paint. Its membership includes nanoparticles order tempered glass, creating a very mechanical procedure insurmountable barrier moisture. Hammer paint 'Hammerayt' comes in different colors packaging from zero twenty-five to the twenty-l l 3 textures: a hammer, very glossy and matte. By its very protective properties of these paints do not differ among themselves.

Hammer Enamel contains duralumin flakes, order creating a 'patterned' sketch, and special silicones that stabilize this actually draft and provides unparalleled water-repellent effect. Quite apart from traditional paint, there are also special paints 'Hammerayt'. A series of very fast drying inks designed high-temperature paint for heat-loaded surfaces. These paints vyderzhrom). Novelties in the middle of the paint for slate on the basis of synthetic resins. Paint podrazivayut temperature of 450'S (dark matte) to 600'S (silver duralumin with sufficient effect by applying only enough humevaet actually one of the first layer on the roof of the dark or non-ferrous metals, also on the pre-practice painted surface. Does not ask for the application of soil has the highest hiding power, needs little preparation of iron surface.

Two. Field implementation of paint 'Hammerayt' Paint 'Hammerayt' is used wherever is the greatest danger of corrosion than steel, designed for use underwater. The uniqueness of paint is that it can be applied specifically to a rusty surface. What does the industry on as necessary to protect the surface from rust corrosion of the forthcoming 'a profound transformation of rust by means of special formulations, applying a primer for the creation of the adhesive, applying the final layer for the creation of color stability, gloss and very ornamental species. Paint 'Hammerayt' is almost an entire system of 'one jar', acting as a rust converter, and a final layer of pound at once, at all actually This color can be produced in one day! Paint 'Hammerayt' use and for the restoration of some previously painted surfaces of iron, it is compatible with virtually all in reality paints materials (alkyd enamel, acrylic, urethane, silicone, etc..), except for bituminous materials basis.

General

Laying On The Tray Networks

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This type of installation provides good cooling conditions of the wires (cables), and the possibility of replacing them free access to them during the operation. Trays wirings produce sections of 2 m in length: the weld – a width of 200 and 400 mm, perforated – 50 and 100 mm. Trays mounted on at least 2 m above the ground or grounds maintenance; in areas served by specially trained personnel, the height of the trays and baskets not specified. Metal trays NL (Fig. 1) mounted on modular cable designs, the elements of building and technological structures, brackets and hangers. Step of fixing the cables – 250 mm. All connections for the installation and repair perform threaded clamping pieces of the process map. For reliable electrical contact at the joints straight painted tray flanges must be galvanized.

Electrical contact support elements with straight-colored bins provided by lock washers or cleaning up the site of contact. Operations wiring is in the trays in a specific technology sequence. First, a cord mark out the route in compliance with the mounting of the support and the support structures and points of attachment to the building elements of the building. The distance between fixing points Trays shall be equal to 2-2.5. Then, install or support structures are hung on brackets or consoles, perforated strips and profiles, fixing them or spacer plugs were shot. Supporting structures welded to the embedded parts of metal structures and buildings, or suspended in the spans of shops for carrying cables and cable hangers guys.

When crossing the tray with the distance from the pipeline before the pipeline supporting structure must be at least 50, with a parallel pursuit – not less than 100 mm for pipes with hot liquids or gases, respectively, at least 100 and 250 mm. After these operations of individual sections of the trays are collected in blocks 6-12 m, connecting them with strips of bolts. When laying boxes for cable suspension provide a bias towards the descent to the power consumers. Next, prepare a dimensional piece of wire in the ground and their connections at the ends removed isolation prozvanivatsya, twisted veins that produce the correct connections in the right places or squeezing a box set, harvested in bunches, bandazhiruyut, label tags. The number of wires in the bundle must not exceed 12 outer diameter of the beam – 0.1 m. The distance between the bandages on the horizontal beams of 4.5, the vertical – no more than 1 m.

General

Tips To Repair The Floor And Ceiling

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Repair ceiling and floor – this is a very difficult job to cope with that very difficult. How to lay flooring how to clean carpet, how to hang ceiling wallpaper? These and other questions on the repair of your home we will respond to this article. Let us briefly on the floor. Concrete floors are often used as a basis for a variety of floor coverings: plastic, roll, tile, etc. Self-leveling floors – it's seamless construction which is a polymer layer, which is filled with a concrete base floor. In the first place, the device floors of concrete involves the following activities – leveling the base and its preparation.

Pouring a concrete floor performed after installed decking, laid plastic sheeting and accessories. The choice of concrete produced, depending on the type of concreted structures, methods of transporting and laying of concrete. For floor covering flooring is widely used. The choice of flooring in the stores is very high. He usually has a thickness of 15-22 mm. Parquet 22 mm.

more durable and strong. When choosing a hardwood floor should be considered important characteristics of the coating such as: the level of absorption, the presence of bacteriostatic properties, resistance to corrosion. There are three basic ways of laying parquet: 1. The traditional Christmas tree. 2. Vietnamese – interweaving longitudinal and lateral plates. 3. Deck – plates are stacked in the longitudinal direction. Parquet – time-consuming work that requires a lot of time, have a good knowledge and skills. Parquet is laid on a concrete screed, it should be smooth and dry. Now some tips for repairing floors: to extend the life of the parquet floors to scrub them 1 time in 2 months of water pastes. Hardwood floors, laid on bituminous mastics, you can not rub turpentine pastes, as turpentine dissolves bitumen and paint the floor in the dark. If you want to replace the flooring, you can lay on the wooden floor of home linoleum.

General

Glue Floor

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Try to leave minimal gaps, because the better the tiles adjacent to the nearest surface, the stronger finish. Most often, first veneer floors, and then the walls, but it happens and vice versa. In the first case in wall covering tiles directly pressed to the floor tiles. In the second version of the bottom row of tiles bonded at some distance from the floor, so that could then put a layer of cement glue and floor plitku.Dlya such purposes, I usually They are used metallic profiles, which are bolted to the wall, exposing the horizontal level, and snow was beginning to stowage In I recommend paving mix items from several boxes. Laying start from the bottom.

The wall surface coat from the bottom up horizontal rows. Between the tiles retain a place in the seam. Gentle pressure tile adhesive on the base, tightly pressed to the surface of the tile. You can slightly move the tiles on the wall until the glue is not dried up, in order to bring them closer to or farther from each other. After laying the tiles and hand presses remove excess mortar until it is uniform seams zatverdel.Dlya use krestiki.Obychno joints have a width of 1.5 – 3 mm, and ceramic tiles in large sizes – 5 mm.

It depends on your desires, as well as the conditions for further Operating veneered surfaces: the higher the temperature difference, the higher the load on the surface (the floor, the pedestrian zone, the steps:) – the greater the width of the seams is recommended. The most important thing in the tiling-compliance level, as vertical and gorizontalnogo.Maleyshy failure can undermine all the work there. Here are some more, I think the important points: – If you are using in remote crosses, try to retrieve them after fixing adhesive, but until it is completely dry. Both figures, as a rule, manufacturers of glue on the package indicates, since time is highly individual and depends on the composition of the adhesive.

General

Ceiling Painting

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Tinting ceiling of plasterboard to be benign only after all preliminary matters. Ceiling would not be painted oil painting substance. For tinting ceilings of plasterboard most the best way to remain enamel, alkyd enamel. Waterborne or water-based dye qualitative settles on the ceiling. Know that if you think optically enlarge a new room, then you better just apply the paint dull. Today there are so many of the most ranyh tones of paint. Water based and water-dispersion paints differ from each other so that the emulsion water-based paint can rinsed. The superiority of the dispersion of water-based paints is that waterborne paint can not be washed off with water.

In addition, the latex paint can be any shade, in contrast to waterborne paint, which is often only in white. Water dispersion paints have a whole range of advantages over water-based paints. Dispersive water-based paints are durable in operation, is also as acrylic enamel. Ceilings painted with waterborne paints can be washed up to two thousand times. If you often smoke in the room, then this paint for the ceiling will be the good solution, because this dye does not change its original color and does not yellow. Outside of the paint can be placed on the ceilings of gypsum board in 2 layers. If you use the Russian waterborne paint, the paint should be applied once in 3 layers. Choose to paint particular roller.

In foreign countries for painting ceilings is now very widely used variety of finishes: these enamels often paint the apartment, car. In our country, the enamel is used in rare cases, the only reason is that the enamel is two times more expensive than water-based paints. Enamel paint is beautiful and because the enamel has a true white. In addition, the enamel dries quickly and is resistant to moisture. Everything materials produced in Europe, followed. Shelf life of enamel paint American suppliers do not set – think that such paints are durable enough. At the national colors of the expiration date indicated. But experts explain that a little "overdue" paint totally usable, most importantly – carefully sboltat paint, and then you can start painting the ceiling. We can safely conclude that the repair of houses inexpensive type of recovery is whitewashing the ceiling of ceilings. For this type of work suited all kinds of ceilings as plaster or paint the ceiling does not require secondary processing ceilings. When working with ceilings, we chose painting the ceiling and did not regret!

General

Building Mixes Material

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Let's first take a look at what the dry mix, and what they are. So, the mortar is dry component material used for various types of construction and repair work. Ready for of material obtained by mixing powdered formula with water in the necessary proportions. Appointment of dry building mixes different. The basis of most mixtures is either sand or cement, or building plaster. But their final list of selected clearly for specific purposes and is a proprietary recipe of each manufacturer, ensuring maximum results. Depending on the application and the desired result in a mixture of various components are added, giving her strength, relief, grit, gloss on the finished surface, etc.

The main varieties of dry mixes are characterized by their target purpose: – to strengthen the weak bases – for sealing joints and seams – for waterproof surface – decorative paint (for facade work) – putty mixtures (for repairs) – peskobetonnye masonry mixture. Thus, the modern dry mix can be used on virtually all phases of construction, from foundation work to decorate the interior. A, respectively, without them can not do any professional builders, nor the ordinary enthusiasts, making repairs in his apartment, house or cottage. Working with this material requires certain skills, and perhaps just a newbie will not be able to achieve the desired result, but you always help to manufacturers' recommendations on the use of a particular type of construction of the mixture. And the use of its clear purpose to provide a much longer maintain the specified properties of the surface prepared with the mixture and, therefore, disappear in need frequent repairs, which will save you money. The main thing to imagine clearly the desired result and avoid mistakes in the choice of quality material.